‘Affective Child-Parent Relations in Eighteenth-Century Holland’ at ISCHE XVI. (International Standing Conference on the History of Education) theme ‘Education and Cultural Transfer, 1500-1994’, Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (8/1994). ‘Dutch Affective Child-Parent Relations: Catharina Backer and Her Parents’ at Third Carleton Conference on the History of the Family, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.